Manufacturing Methods in Six Sigma


Six Sigma is a way to improve the quality and processing of a business system. This is a set of techniques which was introduced by Bill Smith, a mechanical engineer at Motorola, in the year 1986. Use of Six Sigma as a business strategy was started in 1995 by Jack Welch, since then it is being used at various levels in business management.

Here we will discuss the use of Six Sigma into manufacturing process in the business. Six Sigma classifies manufacturing into following three levels-

  1. Batch production
  2. Job production
  3. Flow production


Batch Production- Batch production is a series of objects produced in the batches which carry similarity in their base properties with advancing patterns. The object is designed and created stage by stage into different batches.

This method of production is usually followed by sports manufacturers, in bakeries, ink, paint and adhesives. For example- a paint maker producing lightest color first and darkening shades respectively.

Job Production– This is another way of production which is done on specific demand. Also termed as Jobbing or One-off production, this is a limited or as per the demand generation of product for the customer. Often practice by the small scale firms. Large firms also follow job production based on the project it has taken. Few examples are a construction project, designing an advertisement campaign, installing any machinery or equipment in workhouse, wedding or seminar arrangements etc.

Flow Production– flow production or mass production is the method which is vigorously practiced by the production units in the business system. A sanctioned product (of micro or macro any level) is manufactured and produced at a large scale and at a fixed frequency.

Production is done on a mega scale and thousands of product copies are made very quickly. In mass production entire process depends on the tools which work as the base unit of production. All the mega factories are surviving and serving with the help of flow production, automobiles, food industries and what not?

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